November 7 of this year marks 100 years since the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia—the result of a series of events that were so complicated, cunning, and violent that the facts and causes are still being debated by historians; or to be more precise, these facts and causes are being carefully revisited after the fall of the communist regime, since this can now be done more freely, for obvious reasons.
After the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II (another hotly debated subject—did he voluntarily abdicate or do it under pressure, and did he abdicate at all?), the restraint on total chaos was gone. A provisional government came to power after the so-called February Revolution, but this government, being the liberal one that Western-facing elites so longed for, was inherently weak. World War I was still raging, and the Russians had suffered great losses—estimated at around two million. Enter Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (born Ulyanov) and his Bolshevik party, which stormed and vandalized the Winter Palace in Petrograd—an act that would go down in history under the name of the “October Revolution” (at the time, Russia was still using the Julian calendar as its civil calendar, and this happened on October 25, 1917).
Lenin signed a separate peace agreement with the Germans putting an inglorious end to the war for the Russian people who had sacrificed so much, just months before they would have inevitably won it. A bloody civil war ensued, and all hell literally broke loose on the Russian nation. Russia descended into its “long, dark night”, as Patriarch Tikhon foresaw just before his death.
As we mentioned, Russian historians and thinkers are trying to answer the many unanswered questions with resurgent vigor. Why did an Orthodox Christian nation destroy its own rich, beautiful culture? Why, just as the nation was experiencing unprecedented economic and industrial growth, did it suddenly become a riotous madman, sabotaging its own industry and agriculture? How was such evil unleashed, brother perpetrating it upon brother? Historical circumstances and deeds are being aired that people have not learned about in Russian history classes—neither in Russia, nor in the West. This is an enormous subject about which volumes have been written and are still being written, and we hope to visit this subject informatively in days to come. But today we would like to give voice to holy, God-bearing and prophetic Russian men, who saw the roots of this tragedy even before it burst forth into people’s bewildered reality.
Why is this subject so important to us (and we must understand that it is of very serious importance to us) who may have nothing to do with Russians or Russia? Those who have ears to hear, let them hear; and those who have eyes to see, let them see.
These prophecies were published in the May-June 1973 issue of The Orthodox Word, (St. Herman Brotherhood, Platina, California), in an article entitled, “The Fall and Resurrection of Russia. The Words of Nine Prophets of Holy Russia on the Destiny of Russia”. The prophetic visions related below contain the basic features of what has been revealed concerning the future of Russia. They were compiled almost entirely from primary sources, and the prophets themselves are all either canonized saints or men recognized by their contemporaries and successors as righteous, God-bearing elders.
From the notes of his spiritual son, Nicholai Alexandrovich Motovilov
Once I was in great sorrow, reflecting on what would happen to our Orthodox Church if the evil of our time would continue to increase more and more; and being convinced that our Church was in an extremely lamentable condition, both because of the immorality of the flesh which was increasing, and likewise—if not indeed even much more—because of the impiety of spirit through the godless philosophies which were being spread everywhere by the newest false teachers, I very much desired to know what Batiushka Seraphim would tell me about this.
After having spoken in detail about the holy Prophet Elijah, he answered to my question, among other things, the following:
“Elijah the Tishbite, in complaining to the Lord against Israel that in its entirety it had bent the knee to Baal, said in prayer that he alone, Elijah, had remained faithful to the Lord, but they were already seeking to take away his soul also… And what, Batiushka, did the Lord answer him to this? I have left seven thousand men in Israel who have not bent the knee to Baal. And so, if in the kingdom of Israel, which had fallen away from the kingdom of Judea which was faithful to God, and had become completely corrupted, there remained still seven thousand men faithful to the Lord, then what shall we say of Russia? I suppose that in the kingdom of Israel at that time there were no more than three million people. And how many, Batiushka, are there now in our Russia?”
I replied: “About sixty million.” And he continued:
“Twenty times more. Then judge for yourself how many we have now who are still faithful to God! So it is, Batiushka, so it is: Whom He did foreknow, He also did forechoose; and whom He did forechoose, He also did predestinate; and whom He did predestinate, He will also watch over and glorify. And so, what is there for us to be downcast about!… God is with us! (Rom. 8:29-31.) He that trusteth in the Lord shall be as Mount Zion, and the Lord is round about His people (Ps. 124:1-2). The Lord shall preserve thy going out and thy coming in from this time forth even forevermore; the sun shall not smite thee by day nor the moon by night (Ps. 120:6-8).
And then I asked him what this meant, and why he was saying this to me. “Because,” Batiushka Father Seraphim replied, “in this same way the Lord will preserve, as the apple of His eye, His people, that is, Orthodox Christians who love Him and serve Him with all their heart and all their mind, both in word and deed, day and night. And such are they who preserve entirely all the rules, dogmas, and traditions of our Eastern Orthodox Church, and who with their lips confess the piety which has been handed down by the Church, and who act in very deed in all circumstances of life according to the holy commandments of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
In confirmation of the fact that there remain yet many in the Russian land who are faithful to our Lord Jesus Christ and who live piously in an Orthodox way, Batiushka Father Seraphim said once to an acquaintance of mine—either Father Gurias, who was the guestmaster of Sarov, or Father Simeon, who was in charge of the Masleshchensky Yard—that once, being in the Spirit, he saw the whole Russian land, and it was filled and as it were covered as with smoke rising of the prayers of the faithful who were praying to the Lord…
The Universal Luminary, St. Seraphim of Sarov,
Archbishop Benjamin, Paris, 1932, pp. 116-8
Schema-Archimandrite Heliodorus of Glinsk Hermitage
Being yet a hierodeacon with the name of Joannicius and being young, the elder, Father Heliodorus, so completely cleansed his heart that remarkable visions were granted to him. This happened at the end of the reign of Emperor Alexander I, as related in the elder’s own words:
“Once late in the evening I was sitting in my cell alone reading the Epistles of the Apostle Paul, and I stopped on the second chapter of his Second Epistle to the Thessalonians, on verses 2 through 10. I stopped on these frightful verses of the holy Apostle and became deep in reflection, considering the appearance in the world of the man of sin, the son of perdition, whose very appearance would be according to the activity of satan, so that this frightful man would sit in the temple of God, giving himself off for God and demanding for himself Divine honors. What kind of frightful man this will be, I thought, and what a frightful time will that be for those living on the earth! At the same time, naturally, there came the desire not to see this terrible time, and therefore there was formed in my mind the basic thought of turning to God in such words: O Lord! Grant me not to see this terrible time! At this time I felt that someone behind me had placed his hand on my right shoulder and said: ‘You yourself will see it in part’.
“Feeling the touch on my shoulder and hearing a voice speaking, I looked around, but there was no one, and the door of the cell was locked. Again I looked around to be convinced, but there was no one. I was astonished and began to reflect on what this might mean and who this invisible one might be who had spoken and answered my thoughts. Would I really see, even if. only ‘in part,’ that frightful time, and how soon would it be? For a long time I reflected and thought in perplexity and fear, going from one reflection to another. Finally, trusting in the will of God, I performed my evening rule, lay down to rest, and had just forgotten myself in a light sleep when I saw the following vision:
“I was standing at night in some kind of high building. Around me there were many large constructions, such as there are in large cities. Above me was the vault of heaven, adorned with brightly shining stars, as happens on a clear, moonless night. Looking at the vault of heaven, I admired the beauty of the fixed stars. Then, turning my glance to the east, I saw there, coming up from behind the horizon, an oval of enormous dimensions; it was composed of stars of various sizes. In the middle of the oval in its upper and lower parts, there were stars of large size, which gradually became smaller, and at the sides of the oval they became quite small. In the midst of the oval there was traced with large letters the name ALEXANDER.
“This oval rose in the east and went quietly, moving majestically and setting in the west. Looking at the magnificent beauty of the movement of the oval, I reflected and said to myself, ‘How glorious and great is our Orthodox Faith, O Orthodox Tsar! Behold, His name also is so glorious and magnificent in the heavens.1·
“Having followed with my eyes the oval of stars until it was concealed in the west beyond the horizon, I again looked to the east and l saw: There came out from there a second oval of stars, just as magnificent as and in all respects like the first one, and in its midst there was depicted another name in large letters – NICHOLAS. And an inward voice informed me that after Alexander I there would be, as the successor of his throne, Nicholas.2 And this was astonishing for me, for the heir of the throne was not Nicholas, but Constantine Pavlovich. This oval also went just as majestically along the horizon and, setting in the west, was hidden beyond the horizon.
“Having followed this oval also with my eyes, I again directed my gaze to the east, and again I saw there an oval of stars rising, in form like the first two in all respects, but considerably smaller in size and composed of stars of small size and, in addition, with the color of blood. In the midst of the oval there was depicted with bloody letters the name—ALEXANDER. And an inward voice informed me that after Nicholas the successor of his throne would be Alexander, whose days would be shortened by an evil deed.3 This oval went along the sky and was quickly hidden in the west beyond the horizon.
“Then from the east, in the same way, there arose, passed along the sky, and was concealed in the west with great rapidity an oval like the first ones, but only of small size, with the name delineated on it weakly and as it were in the fog —ALEXANDER. And I was informed by an inward voice that the days also of this Emperor would be shortened, and his reign over the Russian people would be short.4
“After this in the east, delineated palely and mistily, appeared the name NICHOLAS. There was no oval of stars around it; it moved along the sky as it were by jumps and then entered into a dark cloud out of which its separate letters separated in disorder.5 After this there came an impenetrable darkness and it seemed to me that everything was falling to pieces, like cardboard play-houses, at the moment of the end of the world. Terror seized me, standing at that time on an elevated place that was not connected with the world, which was being destroyed.”
Sergei Nilus, On the Banks of God’s River, vol. 2, pp. 175-177
One Sunday in the Autumn of 1916 in the Monastery of St. John in Petersburg, where the venerators of Father John used to gather, the Liturgy was celebrated by Metropolitan Macarius of Moscow. After the Liturgy, in the quarters of the Abbess of the Convent, Abbess Angelina, there gathered a number of clergymen and military men. Metropolitan Macarius read for those who had gathered one place in the diary of Father John of Kronstadt, in which were described his visions and prophecies concerning Russia… It turns out that many years before the Great War, Father John wrote absolutely precisely in his diary both the participants in the war and the outcome of the war. Father John likewise prophesied the military failures of Imperial Russia and the Revolution bound up with them. He indicated that the dominance of revolutionary ideas would be prolonged, that there would be innumerable casualties of the Revolution, rivers of blood, the woe and misfortune of the entire population. The deliverance of Russia from the Red yoke Father John prophesied as being from the East.
I. K. Sursky, Father John of Kronstadt
(Belgrade, 1942), vol. 2, pp. 3, 23-24
“Russia, if you fall away from your faith, as many of the intellectual class have already fallen away, you will no longer be Russia or Holy Russia. And if there will be no repentance in the Russia people—then the end of the world is near. God will take away the pious Tsar and will send a whip in the person of impious, cruel, self-appointed rulers, who will inundate the whole earth with blood and tears.”
Sermon of 1905, in Father John of Kronstadt
50th Anniversary Book, Utica, N.Y., 1958, p. 164
St. Artistocleus, elder of Mt. Athos and the Mt. Athos metochion in Moscow
On the 6th of March, 1917, just after the outbreak of the Revolution, Father Aristocleus said that now there had begun the judgment of God upon the living, and there would not remain one land on the earth nor a single person whom this would not touch. The beginning would be in Russia, but it would continue from there. He said nothing whatsoever consoling, and yet the whole time he said: “But do not fear anything, do not fear. The Lord will reveal His miraculous mercy.”
Later, before his death on August 26, 1918, he said, when he was told that the White Army had been formed and there was hope: “No, there is no hope, because the spirit is not right.” He said that everyone had to suffer very much and deeply repent, and only repentance through suffering would save Russia. When he was told that the war was not over yet, he said: “And there will be another one. Only do not rejoice over this yet. Many Russians will think that the Germans will deliver Russia from the Bolshevik power, but this is not so. The Germans, it is true, will enter Russia and will do much, but they will depart, since the time of deliverance will not yet be. That will be later, later.”
Now we are undergoing the times before Antichrist, but Russia will yet be delivered. There will be much suffering, much· torture. The whole of Russia will become a prison, he said, and one must greatly entreat the Lord for forgiveness. One must repent of one’s sins and fear to do even the least sin, but strive to do good, even the smallest. For even the wing of a fly has weight, and God’s scales are exact. And when even the smallest of good in the cup over weighs, then will God reveal His mercy upon Russia. Ten days before his re pose he said that the end would come through China. There would be an extra ordinary outburst and a miracle of God would be manifested. And there will be an entirely different life, but all this will not be for long.
Orthodox Russia, 1969 , No . 21, p. 3
Hiero-Schemamonk Alexius Of Zosima Hermitage
After the outbreak of the Revolution the Elder Alexius of Zosima Hermitage was in the Chudov Monastery. This Elder was always at Vespers in the church of the Chudov Monastery, and afterwards he would bless the people. And the people were confused, all were weeping and afraid. Father Alexius was standing once on the ambo before the altar dedicated to the Annunciation, and the people were all around him and were speaking, asking, being simply overwhelmed with grief. Someone cried out loudly: “Then our Russia is lost, Holy Russia is lost!” And Batiushka was standing there, tall and magnificent and radiant. Suddenly with a loud voice he asked: “Who is it that is saying that Russia is lost, that she has perished?… No, No, she is not lost, she has not perished and will not perish—but the Russian people must be purified of sin through great trials. One must pray and fervently repent. But Russia is not lost and she has not perished.”
Orthodox Russia, 1970, No. 1, p.9
Hieromonk Anatole The Younger Of Optina
Elder Anatole was visiting Moscow on the 27th of February, 1917. Already everything had become very bad and uncertain. An unbridled mob was rioting in the streets and one couldn’t make out what they were talking and screaming about. What was happening? What was to come? But Batiushka said: “There will be a storm. And the Russian ship will be smashed to pieces. But people can be saved even on splinters and fragments. And not everyone, not everyone will perish. One must pray, everyone must repent and pray fervently. And what happens after a storm?” Someone said that after a storm there comes a calm. “So it is,” said Batiushka. “And there will be a calm.” At this everyone said: “But there is no more ship, it is shattered to pieces; it has perished, everything has perished!” “It is not so,” said Batiushka. “A great miracle of God will be manifested. And all the splinters and fragments, by the will of God and His power, will come together and be united, and the ship will be rebuilt in its beauty and will go on its own way as foreordained by God. And thus this will be a miracle evident to everyone.”
Orthodox Russia, 1970, No. 1, p. 9
Russia will arise, and materially it will not be wealthy. But in spirit it will be wealthy, and in Optina there will yet be seven luminaries, seven pillars.”
I. M. Kontzevitch, Optina Monastery and its Epoch
(Jordanville, N.Y., 1973), p. 538
Hieromonk Barnabas of the Gethsemane Skete
The clairvoyant Elder Barnabas spoke of the disasters coming upon Russia and the cruel persecutions against the Orthodox Faith. When in the women’s monastery which he founded there was being built a great and magnificent church, one of the nuns was telling Father Barnabas about this with enthusiasm, but the Elder replied: “You will live until the tune when not only will this church not be here, but even the very place on which it stands will be paved over.” This nun told us this after the Revolution. The words of the elder were fulfilled. Not only was this marvelous church destroyed, but the very place where it had been was paved over.
Elder Barnabas said: “Persecutions against the faith will constantly in crease. There will be an unheard-of grief and darkness, and almost all the churches will be closed. But when it will seem for people that it is impossible to endure any longer, then deliverance will come. There will be a flowering. Churches will even begin to be built. But this will be a flowering before the end.”
Some of the New Martyrs of Russia have likewise spoken similar things, using the words of the Holy Fathers that there would come such grief as the world has not yet seen, but then there would come a short flowering—before the end of the world. Truly, has there ever been a grief more bitter than the persecutions of the satanic regime which destroys and defiles everything holy—churches, icons, holy relics—with a purely diabolical rage, torturing old priests and monks, putting out their eyes, cutting off their noses and tongues, crucifying them, shooting them in the mouth while saying, “We are giving you communion”? But the persecutions evoked an unheard of flowering of faith. People have gone to tortures and death joyfully, with singing; there have even been children confessors and martyrs. And the general opinion in Russia has been that such a flowering could only be before the end of everything. Concerning this spiritual flowering Bishop Peter the New Martyr also spoke. He did notspeak of an outward flowering. Those who live only by the world’s standards cannot understand this; for this there is must be a revelation to the heart.
From a private letter (N . Kieter)
You ask me about the near future and about the last times. I do not speak on my own, but give the revelation of the elders. And they have handed down to me the following: The coming of Antichrist draws nigh and is very near. The time separating us from him should be counted a matter of years and at most a matter of some decades. But before the coming of Antichrist Russia must yet be restored—to be sure, for a short time. And in Russia there must be a Tsar forechosen by the Lord Himself. He will be a man of burning faith, great mind and iron will. This much has been revealed about him. We shall await the fulfillment of what has been revealed. Judging by many signs it is drawing nigh, unless because of our sins the Lord God shall revoke, shall alter what has been promised. According to the witness of the word of God, this also happens.
The Orthodox Word, 1969, no. 5, p. 194
We can see from these prophetic sayings coming from Holy Russia down to us that although there were many outward factors leading to the terrible cataclysm of revolution, all is in God’s hands—Russia’s fate is a mystery that indeed has meaning and consequences for the whole world.